Maulana Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar (10 May 1895 – 24 October 1985) was a prominent and distinguished Pakistani Scholar, Religious Leader, Public Speaker, Poet and Philosopher. He was born on 10 May 1895 (14th Zeq’ad 1312 H) in Bihar, India. Maulana Jauhar was considered as an Authority on Uloom-e-Falsafah-o-Mantiq. He wrote many books on different Uloom. He died on 24 October 1985 (09 Safar 1406 H) when he was 90 years old. His son Allama Talib Jauhri is also a very famous Aalim-e-Deen.
Sultanul Madaris (Lucknow)
Maulana Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar was the elder son of Hakeem Muhammad Muslim. Hakeem sahib used to do his clinic (matab) in Bhagalpur during 1910, there Maulana Jauhar was studying in an English School. One day Hakeem sahib scolded his son saying that I wanted you to study Arabic not English. Jauhar sahib left the school next day and also left Bhagalpur for Lucknow, where he took admission in Sultanul Madaris. Maulana completed his education from Sultanul Madaris Lucknow in 1923.
Madrassa Abbasia (Patna, British India)
Madrassa Abbasia was inaugurated in 1923 (23rd Zil Haj, 1342 H) by Sarkar Baqar-al-aloom Syed Muhammad Baqir. Maulana was appointed as its first Naib Mudarris-e- Alla on August 1925 ( Safar 1344 H), Later after some months he became Mudarris-e-Alla of Madrassa Abbasia on January 1926 ( 13 Rajab 1344 H). He called Maulana Syed Abul Hassan to Patna and appointed him as the Naib Mudarris-e- Alla in the Madrassa. The owners couldn’t give salaries to Mudarraseen for 6 months. Than all of the Mudarraseen decided to resign and they submitted their combined resignation from the Madrassa on May 1940 during summer vacations, and later Madraassa Abbasia got closed for ever. Around 1945 he went to Kanpur and remained there till 1949 as Imam Jumma wal Jammaat for the Masjid of Patka Pur. During partition of India most of the momineen migrated from India to Pakistan but he remained stayed there in Kanpur till early 1949. After 1949 firstly he moved to Hyderabad (Deccan) and later after some time he finally migrated to newly formed Islamic Republic of Pakistan and settled in Karachi.
In Karachi he delivered Majalis in Chagla Compound Kharadar for four years during the holy month of Muharram. Due to the high demand of his majalis, his speeches got translated very next day into Gujarati language and spread in the Gujarati community. During his early days in Karachi, he did Imamate in Khoja Masjid Kharadar and in Imambargah Martin Road. He also served as Mudarris e Alla for two years in Jamia Imamia Nazim abad founded by Maulana Zafar Hassan Amrohavi. When he shifted to North Nazimabad he started delivering daily lectures at his residence on Tafseer-e-Quran, Hadith, Islamic history, and other religious subjects after the prayers of Maghrabain. Also he gave solutions for complex religious and philosophical myths and answers of querries related to Islam and shariyah during these sittings. Ulema and Fuqha from Sunni sect were also regular attendees of these gatherings. Dignitaries from all walk of life also liked to attend such gatherings, such as Allama Rasheed Turabi, Josh Malihabadi, Prof. Ali Husnain Shefta, Muhammad Ali Habib (Habib Bank), Agha Sultan Ahmad Mirza Dehlavi, and Tehzeeb ul Hassan (Chief Engineer).
Maulana Jauhar had exceptional memory. For him the essence of life was Study. He never forgot any writing which he read till whole life, even the details like the stuff was in which page of which book which volume etc. During 1975 he suffered from glaucoma. When he did Istikhara for Operations it was negative so he didn’t opt for Operations. In that condition when somebody use to ask him about the location of specific book he gave him full location that check in that line and after third book, check the fourth book this is your required book and he was never wrong.
Mufassar-e-Quran Allama Talib Jauhari Son of Maulana Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar
Raees-e-Azam of Hussain Ganj District Saewan Babu Yousaf Muhammad Ali was a learned person and an expert in many languages i.e. Arabic, Persian, Urdu. He was also a very religious and pious man with God Consciousness Taqwa and Purity Taharat. He was very regular in Namaz-e-Shab “ Tahajjud” and all the obligatory prayers including daily Amal-e-Ashoora. He was fond of studying books. He used to order books from Lukhnow, Bombay, Dehli even from Iran and Iraq, and one can find his notes on each and every book. So later after some time there became a big library in his home in which there were thousands of books and reference materials. He was the only person who had 25 editions of Biharul anwar in the whole state of Behar. After his death his descendants gifted all of these books to Maulana Jauhar to get benefit out of them. Now all of these books are present in Maulana’s library at his home in Karachi.
Maulana had a good command over English language. Once he got affected with an itching skin decease, he felt that in this condition he cant remain in purity “ taharat” so he restrain himself from studying Quran and other religious books for some time. As study was his hobby how could he live without it so he decided to bring the English translation of Alif Laila and started reading it. Till the time he recovered from this decease he had already finished the book and Maulana sahib became expert in English.
Simplicity and Contentment
He led his life with great simplicity. He used to wear simple but clean clothes. He ate less and simple food. He was such a person who never had a greed for power or wealth. He likes to deliver Majlis like he is doing prayers which is purely for Allah's blessings. If anybody ask any question during his Majlis he became very happy and try to answer him clearly so that the person who asked that question should have the answer clear in his mind. He never demanded money for his lectures. Tafsir-e-Quran and Studies of Quran were his special subject of interests and he volunteered himself for spreading the teachings of Muhammad and his Ahle Bait.
In poetry he was considered as an Ustad in the literary circles of Patna and other cities . During his stay in Patna many poets get benefit from him and make themselves his student. Had his poetry got compiled it could have been a treasure for the momineen as he was a poet of Ahle Bait. He used his Takhalus as “Jauhar” in his poetry. Qais Zangi puri used his Takhalus and said this verse,
Arz dunya o mafia Muhammad Mustafa Jauhar
He married to the daughter of Syed Muhammad Kazim of Hussain Ganj. After the death of his wife he married to his wife’s sister. Allah blessed this couple with a baby girl. Later on his second wife also died. Then he married to the daughter of Mr. Muhamamd Raza of Hussain Ganj, and Allah blessed them with two sons Abu Talib Jauhar (Allama Talib Jauhri) and Abul Qasim Jauhar ( Abul Qasim Jauhari). Three of his grandsons, (sons of Allama Talib Jauhri) Allama Asad Jauhari, Allama Riaz Jauhari and Allama Amjad Jauhari are also following his footprints. They received religious education from renowned Islamic Hauza Ilmia in Iran and now spreading the message of Muhammed and his Ahle Bait through Majalis.